1) Instructions for compiling
2) Changing the applications/kernel-options/libraries
The uClinux-dist source package is an "all-in-one" build framework for
generating a complete system. It has been developed with embedded devices
in mind, but it can just as equally be used for normal computing devices
(like a PC for example). It is ideal for building small, light weigth
The uClinux-dist was originally targeted specifically at non-MMU
microprocessors. But for many years now it has supported full VM processors.
It supports a wide varity of hardware, many CPUs and a large number of
1) Instructions for Compiling
1. You will need a cross-compiler package for your target. Many binary
tool packages exists specifically for compiling uClinux. Install
that in the standard way first. For example, if you are targeting m68k
or ColdFire systems then you can use the m68k-uclinux-tools binary
packages of www.uclinux.org.
2. If you have not un-archived the source package then do that now.
It is a gziped tar image, so do:
tar xvzf uClinux-dist-XXXXXXXX.tar.gz
This will dump the source into a "uClinux-dist" directory.
You can do this into any directory, typically use your own user
login. (I don't recommend devloping as root, it is a bad pactice,
and it will bite you one day!)
3. Cd into the source tree:
4. Configure the build target:
You can also use "make config" or "make menuconfig" if you prefer.
The top level selection is straight forward if you know the vendor of
the board you want to compile for. You can choose also to modify the
underlying default kernel and application configuration if you want.
At first it is suggested that you use the default configuration for
your target board. It will almost certainly work "as is".
You can also select between different kernel versions and libraries,
at this top level. Not all kernel versions support all boards, as a
general rule choose 3.x. uClibc is the perferred library choice on
all targets (both MMU-less and VM processors). If you choose a
combination that doesn't have a default configuration file then the
config step will issue a message letting you know.
Based on what platform you choose in this step the build will generate
an appropriate default application set.
Sometimes a number of questions will appear after you 'Save and Exit'.
Do not be concerned, it just means that some new config options have
been added to the source tree that do not have defaults for the
configuration you have chosen. If this happens the safest option is
to answer 'N' to each question as they appear.
5. Build the dependencies (if required):
If you selected the 3.x kernel then you do not need to do this step.
If you choose the 2.4.x kernel you must run the make dep.
6. Build the image:
The make will generate appropriate binary images for the target hardware
specified. All generated files will be placed under the "images" directory.
The exact files vary from target to target, typically you end up with
something like an "image.bin" file.
How to load and run the generated image will depend on your target system
hardware. There are a number of HOWTO documents under the Documentation
directy that describe how to load and run the image on specific boards.
Look for a file named after your target board.
2) Changing the Applications/Kernel/Libraries
You can modify the kernel configuration and application set generated for
your target using the config system. You can configure by running one of
the following three commands:
make xconfig - graphical X11 based config
make menuconfig - text menu based config
make config - plain text shell script based config
Menuconfig and xconfig are the simplest, I would recommend using one of
The key options under the "Target Platform Selection" menu are the
Customize Kernel Settings
Selecting this option run the standard Linux kernel config.
Customize Vendor/User Settings
Selecting this option will run a configure process allowing
you to enable or disable individual applications and libraries.
Use the online "Help" if unsure of what a configuration option means.
When you 'Save and Exit' the build system will run you through the
configs you have selected to customise.
There is an assortment of documentaion files under the Documentaion
directory. The more interresting ones are:
SOURCE -- file at the top level gives a brief run down of the
structure of this source distribution package.
-- description of how to add a new application into the
config and build setup of the distribution.
-- description of how to add a new vendor board config to
-- describes building and loading for a particular board.